2009. Jeelugu (Telugu: జిలుగు) Arecaceae (palm family) » Caryota urens. How ironic as the dessert is not originally Tamil, although it is very popular in this community. Abstract: Objective: To evaluate chemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Caryota urens L. Methods: Qualitative analysis of crude extract of C. urens was carried out by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCeMS) method and their in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated using DPPH, ABTS, reducing power and nitric oxide scavenging assays. Agasthyamala 746. Carda-mom is an expensive spice, seeds have a pleasant aroma and slightly pungent taste. Sinhala (kitul); Tamil (kundal panai,koondalpanai,thippali,tippili,konda panna) BOTANIC DESCRIPTION Caryota urens is an unarmed, hapaxanthic, solitary or clustered, medium-sized palm up to 20 m tall; bole straight, unbranched, obscured at first by persistent fibrous leaf … Kitul sap is extracted and brought to a boil to make a … Leaves large , bipinnatisect, 6-7 m long, 3-5 m wide, arched and drooping leaflets 10-20 cm long, sessile, irregularly serrate-toothed on the truncate margins. Casasia A. Leaves bipinnate, 4-6 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long; leaflets broadly cuneate, fan-shaped, 12-20 cm long, 7-10 cm wide at wider portion, raemorse at apex, many ribbed. Tulu: Yeend. Wayanad Dist. The caryota palm is a palm among the palms belonging to the genus caryota, also called the fishtail palm (Caryota mitis). Common Name jaggery palm. References : Charles, A. et al., (2011), Quantitative estimation of primary and secondary metabolites on flowers of Caryota urens.L., International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2(3), 431-435. Madras 1560(1089). It has several uses starts from extraction of sugary sap to beautifying landscapes. The terminal bud of the palm is edible and is eaten raw with jaggery, or cooked as vegetable, or pickled. Caryota urens. Ban-khajur (Hindi- बन खजूर) (4019134218).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.4 MB Nilambur 745. Caryota urens Arecaceae L. TREE MANAGEMENT The daily yield per tree of sap for wine and sugar from C. urens is 20-27 litres; its trunk yields 100-150 kg of starch. Common Name jaggery palm. Thiruvanthapuram 492. Tamil: Konda panei. Copyright © 2013 pilikula. Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the name 'Bherli Mad'? Sepals 3. petals 3, reddish. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm : Description: Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. 1996; Sivar. Caryota urens Arecaceae (palm family) » Caryota urens. Other details: We are offering wide range of Caryota Urens, a common specie, solitary-trunked to 12 metres (39 ft) in height and trunk 30 centimetres (0.98 ft) wide. Added in 24 Hours. Caryota albertii; Caryota angustifolia; Caryota cumingii; Caryota kiriwongensis; Caryota maxima; Caryota mitis (Zachte vinnetjespalm); Caryota monostachya Spadix interfoliar, shortly peduncled, much branched, pendulous, to 4 m long; spathes few, 40-50 cm long. Jaggery is a traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar mainly consumed in the Indosphere. Tulu: Yeend. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 1998; Renuka, Palms Kerala 35. Fruit a berry, globose, ca 2 cm across, reddish. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. Es- Caryota species are the only palms with bipinnate leaves (meaning they are divided into leaflets that divide a second time). I can only say that fishtail palm sap juice is like toddy which is taken by the tribals for intoxication. Coconut Tree (Cocos nucifera) ... Fishtail Palm (Caryota urens) Caryota urens - Bherli Mad: Caryota urens or Fishtail Palm is known as Bherli Mad or Dongri Mad in Maharashtra. The roots are carbonized to give a charcoal preferred by silversmiths and goldsmiths. Scientific plant list. When flowering begins, the Peechi, Umikuppan, Kamamudi, Adoor, Thalichola, Ala, Athirumala, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more palm in tropical rain ... are shaped like a fish's tail fin, hence its common name (see photo below). How Caryota Urens is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is a concentrated product of cane juice and often date or palm sap without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in colour, and is similar to the Latin American panela. Flowers unisexual. 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. 2013. India, and Sri Lanka where it grows on plateau or in rain forest clearings. The plant is not self-fertile. Caryota urens is probably the most commonly grown solitary palm in cultivation, though its popularity is being surpassed by Caryota obtusa. 1984; Antony, Syst. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5 m (11 ft) long, and held on 60 cm (24 in) long petioles. Tamil: Konda panei. Human translations with examples: MyMemory, World's Largest Translation Memory. 1892; Gamble, Fl. 898. Languages. Pl. Its leaf is used as fishing rod after trimming the branches of the leaf and drying… The nuts are used for making buttons, beads etc. f, Chionanthus malaelengi (Wallich ex G. Don) Beddome (OLEACEAE), Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burm f. ) Blume (LAURACEAE), Cinnamomum verum J.S. Aanapana, Choondappana, Eerumbana, Kalippana, Kappa, Olattipana, Irampana, Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm. Ayushvedah provides all the informations about salap - Caryota urens Linn. This tree is known as 'Man' in Hindi and 'Supari' in Bengali. It is resistant to termite attack. This is a list of notable Sri Lankan sweets and desserts.Sri Lanka is well known throughout South Asia for sweets and desserts originating from there. 1996; Sasidh. Tamil: Konda panei. Common names Traditionally the tree has been used to make toddy and starch is extracted from the inner stem. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. English Articles. Caryota mitis Lour. Sepals 3, rounded, imbricate. Sritalah, Caryota urens Sritalah is a large palm tree that can be found growing in the evergreen forests of the western ghats and planted freely throughout India. Its seeds have prolonged dormancy due to the hard seed coat (Radhamani et al. Caryota urens L. Symbol CAUR3. This palm is native for India, Malaysia and Sri Lanka [11]. Spathes ca 45 cm long, closely embracing the peduncle of the spadix. Crown: Scraggy with few very large fronds, up to 6 metres wide and 6 metres tall. Common names in English include solitary fishtail palm, kitul palm, toddy palm, wine palm, sago palm and jaggery palm. Calicut 300. Caryota urens L., Sp. Trunk & Bark : Trunk smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in height and 30 centimetres wide. Note : “Toddy” prepared by fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage. 480. Harvest for sago and other purposes is mainly from wild and semi-wild populations. Kitul palm is one of the most beneficial palms to the humankind. Caryota flowers grow on hanging spikes that sprout in a clump, looking a bit like a dangling mop head. Palms are the most beneficial plants to people in the Tropics. Traditionally the tree has been used to make toddy and starch is extracted from the inner stem. By seasoning an immature inflorescence and slicing it, sap can be extracted to make a variety of products such as treacle, jaggery, toddy and vinegar. How Caryota Urens is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Note : “Toddy” prepared by fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage. Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Hook. Caryota urens is probably still the most commonly grown outdoor Fishtail Palm in southern California still, but it is being taken over by Caryota obtusa. Calophyllum polyanthum Wallich ex Choisy, Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana, Calamus travancoricus Beddome ex Becc. TY - JOUR TI - The kitul palm: Ethnobotany of Caryota urens L. in highland Sri Lanka T2 - Journal of ethnobiology. Stud. INTRODUCTION. Leaves bipinnate, 4-6 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long; leaflets broadly cuneate, fan-shaped, 12-20 cm long, 7-10 cm wide at wider portion, raemorse at apex, many ribbed. Fl. Just better. Caryota urens  L. (PALMAE) Caryota urens. In Sri Lanka, jaggery is made from the traditional exploitation of a large-flowered palm tree called Caryota Urens or kitul. Commonly used ingredients across traditional Sri Lankan sweets are Rice Floor, Treacle and Coconut Milk. Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m (39 ft) in height and up to 30 cm (12 in) wide. Caryota urens is the Fishtail Palm, so called because the bi-pinnated leaves resemble the back end of a fish. Caryota urens English: fishtail palms; Solitary fishtail palm; Toddy palm; Wine palm. Other details: We are offering wide range of Caryota Urens, a common specie, solitary-trunked to 12 metres (39 ft) in height and trunk 30 centimetres (0.98 ft) wide. 715. CARYOTA URENS L. IN HIGHLAND SRI LANKA YVONNE EVERETT Department of Landscape Architecture 202 Wurster Hall ... pana in Tamil), is a very common tree in the lowland rain forest and in mixed Names of Caryota Urens in various languages of the world are also given. view with charts and images Biological investigation of Caryota urens 1.1: Rationale and objective of the present study Plants have formed the basis for traditional medicine systems, which have been used for thousands of years in many countries of the world. Sritalah, Caryota urens Sritalah , is a large palm tree that can be found growing in the evergreen forests of the western ghats and planted freely throughout India. Caryota urens - Bherli Mad: Caryota urens or Fishtail Palm is known as Bherli Mad or Dongri Mad in Maharashtra. This is one of the fastest palms one can grow in southern California, nearly growing as fast as a Washingtonia robusta , and may outpace it in some protected, heavily watered situations. Rich. Look at other dictionaries: Caryota urens — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Description: Caryota urens is a solitary-trunked palm about 12-15(-35) metres tall. The epithet urens is Latin for "stinging" alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. Kitul (Caryota urens) industry is a traditional agro-based cottage industry in Sri Lanka. How to say Caryota urens in English? Caryota urens L. (PALMAE) Common names Kannada: Baini. 2013. Pl. The ultimate leaflets have a characteristic shape, somewhat like the tail of a fish, leading to the popular English name of fishtail palm. Caryota urens: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ARECACEAE: English name: Fishtail palm: Local name: Kithul (කිතුල්) ** Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: A tall palm with an unarmed, cylindrical, annulate, trunk, 12-20 m tall, about 30 cm diameter. Brit. Flowers many, in triads with female flower in the middle. Desserts are usually served as part of main meals, whereas sweets are consumed at tea times. Live Statistics. Tulu: Yeend. Description: Caryota urens is a solitary-trunked palm about 12-15(-35) metres tall. Description: A unarmed palms, up to 20 m  tall, 30-45 cm in diam. Download RIS citation. They are commonly called fish tail palm, toddy palm, wine palm or jiggery palm. List of various diseases cured by Caryota Urens. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. See more » Drupe In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside. It is a palm tree native to Indonesia. List of various diseases cured by Caryota Urens. Inner wood shavings taken from dried trees and used to start fires for temples - fire is started by rubbing mica stones, for ritual fires of fire walking ceremonies. That said, the kernel of the fruit is edible but it has to be cleaned completely of the stinging outer flesh. The trunk is used for making drums. Leaves in terminal clusters, few, large, bi-pinnatisect, leaf-sheaths large, clasping basaly the trunk. A very strong fibre, the “Kittul fibre”, obtained at the base of leaf sheaths, petioles and flowering stalks is made into ropes, brushes, brooms, fishing lines and nets, bow strings etc. Kitul palms are naturally grown in our country with a wide range of habitat. Stud. Wood brown with close black streaks, very hard, strong and durable, used for hut building, agricultural implements, water conduits, tank pipes and rice pounders. Pl. plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>. Med. Note : “Toddy” prepared by fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage. Presl (LAURACEAE)= C. zeylanicum Blume. Parts Used: fruits trunk: Uses: In India, the pith of young trees makes good sago. Rich. That said, the kernel of the fruit is edible but it has to be cleaned completely of the stinging outer flesh. கித்துல் பாணி. Urens means “stinging” and the fruit does contain a chemical that does sting. Botanical Family Arecaceae. Tall unbranched palm with peristant scars of leaf bases. 413. Caryota is een geslacht van palmen.De soorten komen voor in Azië, noordelijk Australië en op de eilanden van de Zuid-Pacific.. Soorten. ID 15804 Symbol Key CAUR3 Common Name jaggery palm Family Arecaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes … Kottayam Dist. One of the odd thing about the genus is when it fruits the trunk the fruit is on dies. Pronunciation of Caryota urens with 1 audio pronunciation, 7 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens. References : Charles, A. et al., (2011), Quantitative estimation of primary and secondary metabolites on flowers of Caryota urens.L., International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2(3), 431-435. Parambikulam WLS 363. Male flowers: stamens about 40; filaments short, white, anthers acuminate. Name: from shape of their leaves.Jaggery palm. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Recent. Once a staple diet of many hunter gatherer communities. Quilon Dist. Tiny female flowers grow between the not-quite-as-small male flowers, on the same spike, and mature only after the male flowers bloom. Names of Caryota Urens in various languages of the world are also given. Pronunciation of Caryota urens with 1 audio pronunciation, 7 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Caryota Urens. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Fruit c. 2 cm across, globose, reddish purple; seeds plano-convex, subreniform. kair-ee-OH-tuh or kar-RY-oh-tuh-- from the Greek karyon (nut). Caryota urens is a multipurpose palm tree which is extensively cultivated plains, agricultural and Agroforestry systems like homesteads (Renuka et al., 1996). Telugu: Konda jivalaggum, Mari. Look at other dictionaries: Caryota urens — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Kerala 26. The palmyra palm is the official tree of Tamil Nadu and very respected in Tamil culture, leaves are used for baskets, stalks are used to make fences, Palmyra sprout and palm fruit or ice apple loaded with cooling properties. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Botanical Family Arecaceae. A fishtail palm is known botanically as a monocarpic plant. Spadix 3-4 cm long; branches simple, forming a dense tassel drooping from the stout peduncle. 1989; Babu, Fl. et al., Bot. Casasia A. Stamens many. Caryota urens is naturally found from sea level to 300 m, in Myanmar (Burma), Specimens. Kannada: Baini. Media in category "Caryota urens" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. 829. These plant-based systems continue to play an essential role in health care, and it […] This is a member of the family named 'Palmae'. The stem yields an inferior timber sometimes used for construction purposes, especially in traditional buildings, for purposes such as planking, flooring, rafters, roofing, partitioning and fencing, and also for making spears. with cylindric, annulate, not or scarcely soboliferous, smooth, grey, shining, covered with long shallow cracks with corky edges. & Mathew, Fl. Caryota urens L. Symbol CAUR3. 1189. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm Description: Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Caryota urens. The epithet urens isLatin for "stinging" alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. This is an extremely fast growing species, getting upwards of sixty to eighty feet in under ten years in a relatively cool Mediterranean climate. The flowers of Caryota Urens, from which the sap of kitul is extracted, is a palm tree that grows in Sri Lanka and southern India. Caryota mitis is native to southeast Asia where it grows as an emergent . This means that after it finishes flowering, the entire trunk dies. Being a customer oriented enterprise, we are engaged in providing a wide array of Caryota Urens. Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the name 'Bherli Mad' ? Description. Malayalam: Iram-ponei, Chunda pana. The kithul tree, whose botanical name is Caryota urens, is endemic to Sri Lanka. 427. Key words: Caryota urens, Elettaria cardamomum, Myristica fragrans Seed germination, in-vivo condition ease 'katte' (Condiments and Spices 2011). Caryota urens L. (PALMAE) Common names Kannada: Baini. Leaves bipinnate, 5-7 x 3-4 m; pinnae 1-2 m long drooping; leaflets alternate, cuneiform, 10-20 cm long, obliquely truncate, irregularly serrate-toothed on the margin, upper margin produced beyond the leaflets into a tail, quite glabrous, bright green, shining; petioles ca 6-8 cm thick. 1991). & Sivar., Fl. Sinhala: Kithul. The botanical name of Fishtail palm is Caryota urens which name gets because of the present of stinging chemicals known as ‘Urens’ in the fruit (Vaishnavi and Suneetha, 2013).The Caryota urens is a member of the family Arecaceae. Its leaf has antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Contextual translation of "caryota" into Italian. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Tamil Nadu is situated in Southern end of India, east of Kerala and south of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states. kair-ee-OH-tuh or kar-RY-oh-tuh-- from the Greek karyon (nut). Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Caryota urens: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ARECACEAE: English name: Fishtail palm: Local name: Kithul (කිතුල්) ** Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: A tall palm with an unarmed, cylindrical, annulate, trunk, 12-20 m tall, about 30 cm diameter. 529. Scientific plant list. The botanical name of the former is Borassus flabellifer; it has leaves that look like fans and it can be found in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu as well as other Southeast Asian countries. Caryota urens is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. 1994; Sasidh. Flower in much branched spadix of 8-10 ft. long, arise from the upper leaf-sheaths and then successively come downwards, monoecious. Malayalam: Iram-ponei, Chunda pana. Trunk & Bark : Trunk smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in height and 30 centimetres wide. Prominent annular leaf-scars monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, cm. Situated in Southern end of India 30-45 cm in diam in Southern end India! Surpassed by Caryota obtusa metres tall in Southern end of India does sting portion of the most beneficial palms the..., whereas sweets are Rice Floor, Treacle and Coconut Milk whose botanical name is Caryota urens an...: a unarmed palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-45 cm in diam spathes... All the informations about salap - Caryota urens is effective for various diseases is in. Kitul palm ( Caryota urens L. ( PALMAE ) common names Kannada: Baini spathes ca 45 cm,... 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